Ceasefire Agreement Yemen- September 14, 2021
Mohammed al-Bukhaiti, a senior official in the Houthi movement`s political bureau, told al-Mayadeen TV before the ceasefire began that the rebels wanted “a total end to the war and the lifting of the siege once and for all.” Around the same time in 2015, the media reported that Oman, the only monarchy in the Middle East that does not participate in the coalition and has a border with Yemen, had presented a 7-point plan to both Iran and Saudi Arabia. In the past, Oman has played an important role as a bridge between Tehran and the West to help nuclear negotiations and thus enjoy good relations with Iran and its GCC neighbors. Oman was also suspected of having brokered a 24-hour ceasefire, although analysts doubt Oman could contribute to closer negotiations.   A five-day ceasefire proposed by Saudi Arabia was agreed to by the Houthis and their military allies on May 10, 2015. The ceasefire should allow humanitarian aid to be delivered to the country.  The temporary ceasefire began on the night of May 12 to allow the delivery of food, water, medical aid, and fuel throughout the country.  The December 15 ceasefire began at the same time as the UN-brokered talks to end the conflict in Yemen. The proposal provides for a ceasefire in Abyan province and calls on stC to lift the emergency regime and withdraw its forces from Aden. After the UN asked both sides to conduct peace talks to address the COVID-19 pandemic in Yemen, the Saudi-led coalition called from 9 April 1 at noon, a unilateral ceasefire was put in place to support efforts to contain the COVID-19 pandemic.
 Despite the help of a ceasefire in Yemen, the Saudi-led coalition carried out dozens of airstrikes within a week. The Yemen Data Project explained that at least 106 Saudi-led airstrikes were carried out by the kingdom by the kingdom in just one week.  On July 2, coalition warplanes launched numerous airstrikes against several Yemeni provinces. The operation was a response to the Houthis` ballistic missile and drone launches against Saudi Arabia.  The Hodeidah Agreement, reached during the UN-backed peace talks in Sweden in December 2018, provided for a transfer of troops from both sides, which was never fully implemented. Houthi-run Al-Masirah TV reported that shortly after the ceasefire was announced, coalition warplanes attacked several positions in Sa`ada, Amran and Bayda provinces. “The [coalition`s] aggression`s move to declare a ceasefire was just another ploy,” he added. Colonel Turki al-Malki`s spokesman announced that the coalition would begin a ceasefire on Thursday noon (10:00 GMT) because it was “determined to create an enabling environment for the UN envoy`s peace efforts and alleviate the suffering of the fraternal people in Yemen and support efforts to combat the spread of the Covid 19 pandemic.” . .