Tashkent Agreement Date- December 18, 2020
In June 2016, Tashkent hosted the 15th anniversary of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which ended with the signing of a final declaration. It should be noted that neither the official rhetoric around the summit nor the majority of the analytical pieces associated with it mentioned another memorable date – the fiftieth anniversary of the 1966 Tashkent Declaration, which concluded a peace agreement between India and Pakistan. The fact that in 2015-16, these two Asian powers are moving towards full membership of the CSS is wrongly seen as a success for the organization. The new Asian Perspectives blog has decided to recall recent diplomatic history. An agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in the Soviet city of Tashkent to end the Second Indo-Pakistan War on Kashmir. The two countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from the territory of the other region and to recover their prisoners of war, but also to begin to normalize their diplomatic relations. Unfortunately, the beginning of Indo-Pakistani friendly relations was made more difficult by Shastri`s death a few hours after the signing of the agreement. The agreement has done little to ease the deep hostility between the two countries since independence in 1947 and did not prevent the outbreak of new hostilities in 1970. The agreement was criticized in India because it contained no war pact or renouncement of guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. After the signing of the agreement, Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri mysteriously died in Tashkent.  Shasti`s sudden death led to persistent conspiracy theories that he was poisoned.  The Indian government refused to downgrade a report on his death claiming that it could harm foreign relations, cause disruption in the country and a violation of parliamentary privileges.
 The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, signed on 10 January 1966, which resolved the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. Peace was achieved on 23 September by the intervention of the external powers that pushed the two nations to the truce, lest the conflict intensify and attract other powers.   I will immediately make a point: the Uzbek political scientist Farkhod Tolipov recently noticed that this symbolic coincidence, in his article, parallels the two statements of Tashkent; the results of the 2016 SCO Summit were analysed by RIAC experts and other analysts. Nevertheless, this contribution is intended to recall memorable meetings in Russian and Eurasian diplomacy. VI The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take steps to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan.