Un Fisheries Agreement- December 19, 2020
Since the adoption of UNCLOS, a number of agreements have been drawn up on how to achieve sustainable deep-sea fishing. One of them is the agreement on straddling and large migratory fish stocks (1995). The Territorial Fisheries Agreement () is a multilateral treaty created by the United Nations to improve the cooperative management of fisheries resources created in large areas and of economic and environmental interest for a number of nations. In December 2016, the treaty was ratified by 91 parties, comprising 90 states and the European Union.  The agreement requires the application of the precautionary approach and ecosystem approaches for the conservation and management of straddling and large migratory fish stocks, as well as the compatibility of high seas measures and measures for areas under national jurisdiction. The agreement highlights the crucial role of regional fisheries management organizations and arrangements as mechanisms for international cooperation with regard to straddling and large migratory fish stocks. The EU has also concluded other international agreements and conventions that have an impact on fisheries. These include the commitment made at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development to bring fisheries back to the highest level in the long term (maximum sustainable yield) and to use an ecosystem approach in fisheries management by 2015. The EU is a party to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (ORPs) Fifteenth round of informal consultations between states parties to the agreement on the implementation of an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 61/105 on Sustainable Fishing. Within the framework of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the following agreements have been adopted: the agreement strives to achieve this goal by establishing a framework for cooperation in the conservation and management of these resources. It promotes good governance in the oceans through effective management and conservation of offshore resources, including setting detailed minimum international standards for the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and large migratory fish stocks; Ensure that conservation and management measures for these stocks are compatible and consistent in areas under national jurisdiction and on the adjacent high seas; Ensure that effective mechanisms are in place to ensure compliance and implementation of these measures on the high seas; and recognising the specific conservation and management requirements of developing countries, as well as development and participation in fisheries for the two types of stocks mentioned above.